Most OER are licensed using a Creative Commons (CC) license, which allows creators to choose exactly how their work can be used and reused. Since OER offer free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5 Rs (retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute), it's important to tell others exactly how they can and cannot use the OER you've created. Similarly, if you're adopting or adapting existing OER, you should identify the license, so that you understand how the resource you're using can be used.
CC licenses work in tandem with copyright. An author can retain copyright and license their work with a CC license that lets others know how that work can be used without requesting permission.