Skip to main content

Copyright: Fair Use


This makes provision for the use of copyrighted works under specific 'educational' situations.

Sec. 107. Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include -

1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

2. The nature of the copyrighted work;
3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

Taken from Section 107 US Copyright Act.


1. Acknowleging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.

2. All non-profit educational use is not Fair Use.


Limitations on Exclusive Rights - Fair Use
Section 107 US Copyright Act

 Fair Use- Copyright
Akabar- Williams, Tahirih. Copyright and Fair Use- Trends and Resources for 12st Century Scholars. LibGUide.

ALA -  Fair Use

NCTE Guidelines:  Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education

Chilling Effects, Frequently Asked Quesions (and answers)  in Copyright and Fair Use

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries
Hours of Operation | Parking Maps | Employment | Support the Libraries
318 Love Library | 13th & R | Lincoln, NE | (402) 472-9568
 @UNLLibraries |  @UNL_Lib |  @unl_lib |