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Plagiarism & Citation: Style Manuals

Choose the Right Style Manual

Style manuals tell you how to format the citations in your footnotes and lists of sources.

Different disciplines and departments use different citation style manuals. Individual professors often have preferences as well. Always check to see which citation style your professor prefers.

To find out how to cite using a particular style, you have several choices:

1. You can use a citation manager, such as RefWorks, which formats the citations for you based on your choice of styles.Click on the RefWorks tab above for more information.

2. You can use an online style guide, such as Purdue University's Online Writing Lab or EasyBib, which have information on APA, MLA, and Chicago citation styles. These may have most of the information you need.

3. You can use the individual style manuals--the most common are listed below. Many have an online version, while others are available only in print. Locations and call numbers are listed for print titles.

Most Commonly Used Style Manuals

APA (American Psychological Association)

A standard format for psychology, social sciences, family and consumer science, and some scientific literature.

ASA (American Sociological Association)

Used in sociology and other social sciences.  


Often used in the humanities and history.

MLA (Modern Language Association)


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